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Spatial dimensions: location and re-location of livestock farming

This section will focus on the analysis of the links between livestock farming activities and spatial dimensions and understand themanner in which these activities organize and reorganize themselves in the area.

a. Characterize the location (or local implantation) of livestock farming

Livestock farming uses and produces resources since it creates as well as transforms them while generating flows (animals,inputs, products, services,…), global flows (food miles, distance impacts,…) leading to the location of both activities as well asresources. Therefore, livestock farming whether it is off-land or purely pastoral is related to one or more areas: the area where it isimplanted, the area where animals move and areas where a part of or the totality of the resources used are produced as well asconsumed.

b. Factors of location of livestock farming

What are the different types of factors that play a role in the location of livestock farming? How do they interact in a given area?

We want to distinguish these factors into:

Historical and cultural: the history of agrarian systems for instance can throw light on these locations, which depend notonly on places but also on the content of these places, on what is being done in these places and what has been done.

Linked to the environment: pedological, agro-ecological and climatic factors.

Economic: linked to the location of infrastructures (roads, slaughter house) and the distance with other elements (markets,ports, cities, food production zones). Together they determine transport costs.

Techno-scientific: technical support, advice, research, education, inputs, breeding systems etc.

 c. Qualify the spatial dynamics of livestock farming activities : location, re-location and impacts

The focus here is on understanding the distribution of the diversity of farms and their practices on land-use at large, andenvisaging what the impacts (economic, social and environmental) of different scenarios of evolution of these diversities would be.The analysis could provide insights and contribute to the debate on future trajectories and scenarios of livestock farming systems. Studying the factors of location of livestock farming will help throw light on the environmental problems linked to the aggregationof farms and to the specialization of production zones. But in this case what kind of development can we propose for a morediversified livestock farming systems and with what spatial impacts? What are the economic, political and social limits?