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Drivers of change and livestock farming dynamics in territories

This first set of issues revolves around the dynamics of livestock farming: how do the inherent characteristics of local areas interactwith the major global drivers of change?


a. Livestock farming’s drivers of change at the local level

Most global drivers that induce livestock transformation are common to all situations even if their impact is not uniform. Thesedrivers could be of different dimensions:

Economic: linked to markets and their reconfigurations and competition

Environmental : climate change, biodiversity, water quality

Socio-political: changes in public policies (role of the state, compensations for market effects, land ownership policies,health policies, etc.), demographical dynamics, social aspirations (lifestyle and standard of living, behavioural changes inconsumption patterns and diets,…), urbanization and development of metropolis…

Technological: at the production level, both upstream (agrochemicals, breeding…) as well as downstream (productprocessing, new products…)

Ethical: increase concern for animal well-being

Health: animal epizootics such as blue tongue, foot-and-mouth etc. 

 

In the LiFLoD network, the objective is to understand how the major drivers that converge and interact at different scales arereformulated at the local level. It will also analyse how local characteristics (geographic, social, historical, agrarian…) interactwith these major drivers and transform livestock farming. For example, competition for land ownership could manifest in differentways in different areas: intra family, with neighbours or with farmers, with urban dynamics or with fragile lands and the creation ofprotected areas.


b. Diversity of livestock farming activities and its impact on livestock farming dynamics

What role does the diversity of farming types play in adaptation and building resilience (under the influence of local and globalfactors) and how can this diversity of activities contribute to local sustainable development?

How to express this diversity and what weight does this diversity carry in the dynamics and the adaptation of livestock farming?

We would like to distinguish our approach from those that focus on the “archetype farm”. The network will consider a diversity oftechnical systems, as well as a diversity of farming styles and modes of livestock farmers organisation.